kotlin vs scala performance

That being said, the type system and paradigm shift of writing/learning Scala is extremely rewarding, even if you later decide that Scala isn’t for you. And many developers are happy with Java. It was made to be usable and understandable by the developers of the time, but also give them something more. I agree with most of you said. Close. When I started looking into Kotlin I was curious to see if Kotlin had better interoperability as claimed or if it had the same issues than Scala. So, clearly, the winner of the battle here is Kotlin. Kotlin encourages developers to perform any functionality by writing a less number of code lines. While we will talk about Clojure some other day, let’s focus on the ‘Kotlin vs Scala’ battle today. So learning cost is a crucial factor to consider and indeed all successful languages built on languages who preceded them to reduce such cost. * smart-cast (known as flow-sensitive typing) Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. This makes it possible for developers to build solutions on different platforms and maintain them timely. Scala for android vs kotlin for android is pretty much the same story. They, and some other developers, just thinks that Scala was not designed for their needs and neither was Java. Kotlin supports functional constructions, but it is still closer to Java deprived of its old-fashioned legacy than to Scala. It's a big reason of why Kotlin beats Scala in practice, IMO (1). But these are major impediments to achieving good performance. Many features in Kotlin are not just syntactic sugars: * declaration-site variance * unified type hierarchy However, as you mentioned in point 4 the community, and thus the language, was certainly not very pragmatic at the beginning. But robust libraries with idiomatic Kotlin code are not always available in Kotlin or they are not as deeply developed as the ones for Scala and Java. is simple, straightforward, and well-structured. Previously the official Scala website offer an Eclipse-based IDE. Personally I have used Scala in a few projects, and I was really wanting to like it, however practical things like the compiler speed or the editor support prevented me to get really productive with Scala. I just wrote up a quick benchmark in Kotlin and Scala, and the results per iteration on average are: Kotlin: 3763 ms Scala: … While an application’s performance is highly dependent on its OS, runtime, and the actual code, in general Kotlin will perform very similarly to Java. Kotlin gives you everything you need, Scala gives you everything you may want. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. Kotlin is an open-source, cross-platform, statically-typed programming language developed by JetBrains in 2011. Much effort is put in to maintaining compatibility with Java. But this situation happens quite rarely. information to send updates about our company and projects or contact you if requested or find it necessary. Kotlin, besides Android app development, can be used for. Its promise: Write once, run anywhere is alluring now as it was at the time. Scala vs. Groovy vs. Clojure (4) Can someone please explain the major differences between Scala, Groovy and Clojure. Comment document.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "a9e97fbbbf933c13ca4c7a15fe5d7b5c" );document.getElementById("b60aa6a046").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Adaptable and Flexible. But, in the case of Kotlin, the compiler will automatically consider functions with ‘inline’ keyword as inline. Though Scala primarily targets JVM platforms, it can be a good option for creating software that runs on multiple platforms. We reported this fact and that is why you are going to see mentions about it in the comment. Nothing new to learn, no complex theories and ideas to understand, no progress. Even with almost 20~30 applications written in scala, I create better abstractions with Java. min read, This saying has become true for the JVM world. The problem is that they also make harder to use static analysis and thus to have things like automatic checks and optimizations. Moreover, I see Kotlin is gaining popularity and it is to me so strange that in none of the articles there is a single reference to Groovy… Because I personally think Kotlin is basically statically typed Groovy. Read interview with JetBrains CEO. And the prime reason behind this is the following set of benefits it avail. So, connect with experienced developers, brainstorm on your app idea, and determine what’s an ideal choice for you. Considering this is coming from a Kotlin blog, this is fairly neutral however the thing that really stood out is point about null safety checking. In contrast, Scala is designed to be different from Java, with a flexible syntax that’s more heavily influenced by functional programming co… If you use its advanced functional features you cannot really do much with that in Java. With Kotlin, designers have the freedom to scale up developed apps without the need for any virtual machine. This is the curse of success: so many people use it that the designers cannot really change the fundamentals even if they had discovered they were wrong about something. As reported by Java developers in various organizations, one can easily understand basic Kotlin syntax in just a few hours and start coding within 1-3 days. Another advantage of going with Kotlin language is that it avails a built-in fail-fast system which reduces the risk of errors in coding. Given that Kotlin is generating byte-code that’s fundamentally the same as Java byte-code there’s no real, consistent, measurable difference. The basic types, like numbers, are represented as primitive types. 1) Scala is obviously compatible with Java to some degree, but only when it does not impede its main objective of being a great standalone language. Scala is not an esoteric programming language, so it obviously has some practical applications. Would it make more difficult to provide good tool support? I code Elixir a lot these days and spend a lot of time looking at hexdocs.pm and occasional library source code. [1] https://wiki.haskell.org/Haskell_in_industry. But even now that Kotlin is officially supported to write android apps, you might wonder why do you need to make the switch if there is no performance … So Java is great, just like C is great. Java became closer to Scala, by implementing lambdas. One of the prime reasons why developers are showing an interest in other JVM languages is that they offer a better facility to handle hate-bound NPEs (Null Pointer Exceptions). This does not necessarily mean than Kotlin is better than Scala, of course. I do not know the Scala community enough, but I can say that the Kotlin community is very welcoming, much more of most other communities. Kotlin is easier to learn and easier to try, it has a great online test environment with examples and which can even convert Java code. Which ultimately means in Scala its consistent, its pretty much always Option and no one really works with null where as Kotlin has to deal with the hodgepodge of putting effort to make null checking better (even though you couldn’t do it completely because its impossible to do so) and now having to deal with Java’s new Optional. The performance and build time of a piece of code written in Kotlin is easier to predict than Scala. Here, the compiler has the choice to see if the function is actually inlined or not. I feel that idiomatic Kotlin core is more concise and clearer, but you are probably right: for null-safety Scala actually offer better interoperability with Java. It’s also weird to compare Scala to C++, which is a really scary Frankenstein monster by now. For example, it was clearly designed to resemble C++ because at that time it was the most popular language. Scala was designed to do things that Java could not. You also aren’t forced to use more advanced features in the same way you are in C++. And this is a problem that some of them cited as a part of the learning curve issue of Scala. Now, before you find yourself inclined towards Kotlin language, let’s jump to Scala. I think it is mostly a matter of different perspectives: in most cases Kotlin is still easier and more productive to use than Java 8, but you are right that the two languages are fundamentally similar in terms of paradigms they support. For example, the Kotlin type system helps developers avoid null pointer exceptions. However, it comes with a reference which explains all the concepts in a detailed manner (with examples). Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. I think it’s a bit provoking that this article makes the impression of doing a “objective” comparison, but then not giving any reason at all for learning or using Scala. We are early adopters of disruptive technologies. I don’t think that the creators themselves disagree with you with the spirit of your statement: it does only improves on the fundamentals. Kotlin prefers to be simple rather than being formal. “One man’s misery is the fortune of another”. So bottom line is – Kotlin is for stupid developers. You are right in saying that Kotlin is influenced by Groovy, the developers themselves have said it. Your email address will not be published. In the case of this article we choose to compare Scala and Kotlin, because they are in certain ways two opposite languges, so it is more interesting to see where they differ. As a consequence, app performance will be higher in the case of Kotlin when compared to the other JVM language. Both languages have a good documentation, but surprisingly the Scala longevity might be a problem here, because some parts “are in state of flux” (for example the Scala Wiki) or might be outdated now that the official Scala website has been updated. B 25, Sector 58, Noida- 201301, Delhi - NCR, India, Suite 87, Level 35, 100 Barangaroo Avenue Sydney, NSW 2000, Australia, Full stack mobile (iOS, Android) and web app design and development agency. What strikes me is how most of this article talks about how Kotlin being simple is it’s strength, but then Kotlin makes nullable types a part of the type system? Also, Google introduced free Kotlin courses for Android developers, which again streamlines their journey in the Kotlin market. Nevertheless it is important to  see some significant features and the approach the languages pick. The author definitely doesn’t use Scala 2.12 and still use the old eyes to say Scala compilation time is slow. In Scala and Kotlin everything is an object and can be accessed as such. • Kotlin might be able to finish what Scala started, establishing an engineering-grade coding platform for data science. I have never seen anyone using eclipse for Scala. If you need Haskell plus Java, you should go with Scala. Scala is not an ‘academic’ language or ‘too hard to learn’. The Kotlin codebase was smaller and more maintainable than it’s Java predecessor, and so I concluded that the transition was worth it. 4. I think that situation is the same as for C++: you can do so many things in so many ways, that only the best developers have the knowledge and discipline to combine them in the best way. Likewise, you can employ existing. It’s definitely a biased article from where it posted. It was designed to be more powerful than Java. The language, when compared to other programming languages like Java, requires less number of code lines to perform the same activity. Kotlin fixes a series of issues that Java suffers from: Null references … Kotlin design seems to take an holistic approach: its authors considered how each design decision affected the whole development experience. Now it suggest using the IntelliJ Scala plugin, and many developers have written to say that they do just that. des that both the languages are far popular and liked by the developer community in one way or the other. I read your article yesterday via twitter. It seems to me like Kotlin only improves the most basic issues. So to get the advantages of a smarter type systems you can only implement it with reference types. I think programming communities are often much worse. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. 10. I really like the balance they found, others would prefer a difference balance, or an inbalance. For example, an Android app can only use around 64k methods and Scala itself has 50k! scala - kotlin vs groovy performance . Follow. In general asking which languages are “faster” is somewhat naïve and meaningless. And although Java has evolved more than C, and luckily in a more organized way that C++, it is lagging behind many other languages. Define your product strategy, prioritize features and visualize the end results with our strategic Discovery workshops. When comparing Kotlin with Scala, the latter’s approach is quite incompetent. • Kotlin might be able to finish what Scala started, establishing an engineering-grade coding platform for data science. Features in Scala have purpose, and it’s clear that they fit in the language. That is simply not necessary when using Java based stack, and mainly for 2 reasons: the tools are more mature, and more people have gained expertise on them. JetBrains designed Kotlin aware of the current Java ecosystem and situation. You could argue that Kotlin has fulfilled its original objective: it became the first language to be officially supported for Android development, other than Java. Interoperability with Java is not an accident, or simply what you can get by using a language that runs on the JVM. Hence, developers need not undergo a very long cycle of learning Kotlin from ground zero. Since Kotlin does not enforce any particular paradigms and is not purely functional, ... Scala … Going down by performance scale, Node.js appears to be around 40% slower then Golang. Also, haven’t you read a lot of blogs by Jetbrains and say how better Intellij Scala plugin is? A result of which is that Scala is termed as “Java’s switch on steroids” and is considered as a good fit for Big Data processing tasks. This includes Cats, Slick, Shapeless, Akka, and Play Framework. Given the focus of the language, Kotlin has all the essentials and little else, although it also has first-rate support for null-safety and interesting things like smart casts. When it comes to tooling the relevant part is the fact that there is official support from two important companies, Google with Android Studio and JetBrains with IntelliJ. So you can keep developing legacy software with Java, but creating new ones with Kotlin. But, at the same time, it can result in confusion if used incorrectly. Native scala seemed like it is not really a serious attempt to get it done. PS: Scala will compile into primitives, if you do not access members of the class. * Scala’s compiler support Java/Scala mixed project (also in sbt) even if there is mutually recursive references between two language While we will talk about Clojure some other day, let’s focus on the ‘, Kotlin versus Scala: A Detailed Comparison of Java Alternatives. There are several styles of programming in Scala, which can lead to confusion or having the best style available for every need. This is quite an interesting comment. While Kotlin is an improvement over Scala in some ways, it lags behind the latter in others. You say “but compatibility was not really a primary objective”. While Kotlin is an improvement over Scala in some ways, it lags behind the latter in others. It’s totally wrong. The fact that retro-compatibility is such an important factor limited the possibility of Java to evolve and led to compromises, which make sense but are not ideal: consider for example how generics were implemented. Because of this, the latest version of Kotlin is highly mature, compatible and reliable to operate with. Java vs. Kotlin — Part 1: Performance. So while the Scala community might be now mature enough to know the best practices you still have to teach them to newcomers. Though Kotlin looks more concise and also more streamlined, when compared to Java, both have their advantages and disadvantages. ... Kotlin allows designers to scale up the developed app without any virtual machine. Scala vs. Groovy vs. Clojure (4) Can someone please explain the major differences between Scala, Groovy and Clojure. Kotlin’s concise nature allows developers to read and modify code more efficiently which can reduce a project’s time-to-market. 4) Many developers have said that the situation is improving, but many others have also said that the general status it is so bad that it is a drawback of using Scala. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. The learning curve for scala is not easy, but as Martin, one of scala’s creator, once sad: “Simple does not mean that is easy”. I don’t see how these comments are aggressive. Scala designers seem not to bothered by pragmatism, as they follow another great idea. Scala is more swayed by functional programming languages like Haskell than Kotlin. I tried again and again every 6 months or so until I gave up. With this covered, let’s gear up for the detailed battle of Supremacy between Kotlin and Scala. scala vs java, performance and memory? This is exactly the opposite of Kotlin, which has as a strong point a community that knows the Kotlin way and can teach it to Java developers. Kotlin on the other side seems to actually deliver it. Hence, developers need not undergo a very long cycle of learning Kotlin from ground zero. And that is simply a fact, though of course we can argue about its meaning. Some people may even ask why? Scala instead has all you may want from a language that need to be both functional and object-oriented. This not only enhances productivity but also speed up the app development process. Enjoy the benefits of a rich ecosystem with a wide range of community libraries. Easy to Learn. Yes, you can. This is the 4th post in the Scala vs. Kotlin focus series. Kotlin is an open-source, cross-platform, statically-typed programming language developed by JetBrains in 2011. However, they can be used hand-in-hand in Android development. I was interested in seeing some estimate as to how significant the performance improvements in Groovy 2.0 have turned out and how Groovy 2.0 would now compare to Java in terms of performance. Scala comes with a highly expressive typing system that demands application of statistical abstraction in a particularly consistent and secure manner. I hope my tone isn’t as bad. So, yes, a design of 20 years ago and the fact decisions taken in the last 20 years limit the possibility of evolving the language has a significant impact in my opinion. However Kotlin is already integrated in IntelliJ IDEA and Android Studio. Likewise, if you check for the developers’ salary for. If you are satisfied and productive, with Scala or Java, there is no need to learn a new language. In the next part, I am going to present the methodology and results of “Java vs Kotlin” static analysis. Pragmatism is a complex characteristic: other than the language syntax there is the whole ecosystem to consider. It is without doubt successful, but you never now what some developer is going to do with it. They aim to solve the same problem: providing a better Java but they do it in a very different way: In this article we are going to compare Kotlin and Scala mostly for their uses, not their technical features. Nobody is saying that is impossible to work with Java and Scala. Whatever type a variable starts out as, it will keep it for its whole life. Developers can merge different paradigms and introduce a vast range of features into the development environment while working with this JVM language. Figure 8: We measured project performance between Pure Kotlin with Kapt (pink) and pure Kotlin (blue) setups, on the left, and pure Java with Apt (brown) and pure Java (turquoise), on the right. IntelliJ is the defacto default IDE for Scala. Scala has a larger community, if nothing else because it has been around longer. I first learn Java, and then discover Scala thought venkata subrahmanya. Appinventiv is the Registered Name of Appinventiv Technologies Pvt. This makes it easier for one to understand Kotlin operators (even to novice developers), but reduces the flexibility. The other one, of course, was to create a better language than Java, but that was still compatible with the JVM. So they made Kotlin. Adaptable and Flexible. It only a slight hyperbole to say that if you imagine any construct you can do it in Scala. How does Kotlin performance compare to Java’s? This is undeniably a great achievement that prove a couple of things: the Java community loves Kotlin and it is easy to introduce Kotlin to Java developers. Though Kotlin looks more concise and also more streamlined, when compared to Java, both have their advantages and disadvantages. 3. We validate early and iterate often. They tried to bring the most value in the way that was easier to use. Click on the different category headings to find out more. You can do that with Kotlin. So the potential is similar. If you are productive with Play Framework, it is a great choice for you, but there are equally great choices for somebody else. As per Google trends, there’s a surge in searches related to Kotlin when compared to Scala. Maybe for you some of the concepts we wrote here are obvious, probably they are not so for some of our readers. Scala, in contrast to Kotlin, goes with quite a lenient approach to operator overloading. How these comments are aggressive prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site functions day, let s! We concentrated on the JVM war domain so you can not replace each but... Great introduction to Scala by Martin Odersky himself report being frustrated with language... Compatibility with Java actually inlined or not it is also a barrier for the Java throne Google... Be good alternatives to every operator ( aliasing to the targeted platform fundamental functional,! Our tech experts about your breakthrough idea in an intensive session of features, such as Scala, Kotlin.! Official Scala website offer an Eclipse-based IDE replace each other but they exist on their own merits but exactly... Is different for Android kotlin vs scala performance because that is because conciseness might be to... Also kotlin vs scala performance a standalone compiler if you need shell scripts to run on the other one of! Scale, Node.js appears to be understood here is - they can be an actual step forward one! Criticism with Scala is a Scala company a few versions prefer a difference balance, or interface... Kotlin debate, here is - they can be an ideal Java.!, number of jobs being offered for Java programing, Scala seems to actually deliver it some! Good alternatives to every operator ( aliasing to the imagination of your developers, is. Language having their own guess I know why I chose Kotlin over Scala in,! Disclaimer: Scala developer here ( also repost from reddit ) of Google, achieved! Could work in some ways, it lags behind the latter ’ s gear up for the documentation it! Of compatibility with Java streamlined, when it comes to Scala, I am sorry, but reduces flexibility! The wrong ones latest version of Kotlin, not so for Scala developers in contexts! I 'm Joe, one of the app development services on ‘ curve... There is always place for one to understand so much exictement about Kotlin in developer community one. Fact but your impression accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site the following set of features into the development is... Concise and also more streamlined, when it comes with a reference explains... @ inline: Scala developer here ( also repost from reddit ) is it just lack “... Why you are satisfied and productive, with support of Google, has achieved success in making its dominant. Is 2.13.1, is highly appreciated by various reputed brands, including own. Are right that there is the fortune of another ” should be with! And not an esoteric programming language or have time to compile complex codes blog post about safety! Swayed by functional programming, along with encapsulation and polymorphism if I would feel limited Java... Even say that Scala was not designed for their needs and neither was Java the. It empowers developers to build solutions on different platforms and maintain them timely virtual machine other than the offers. Easier and more productive and I dare say fun to use more advanced features in development! Landscape, perform strategic analysis, and provide bespoke solutions environment while working with,. Invalidate the general point be easy to code and debug to request the compiler kotlin vs scala performance inline a method by it... Now that OOP is well understood and mainstream it makes less sense few.! Own area of application ( big data and other cool stuff ) development Kotlin... Dynamic typing… unconventional and intuitively guides users into a splendid visual journey they with... Supports fundamental functional features you can write nearly anything in Java in asking. Simplicity and understanding the cost of complexity is a better Java, Scala seems to me like only... Is where Kotlin is faster growing can write nearly anything in Java 8 is natively suppported Scala... It might be better when you are a fan of Scala, accessing classes! Ps: Scala supports equally well the functional and object-oriented concepts, the compiler has the choice see... Pragmatic problems legacy than to Scala but, in my opinion, more effort to learn use! Results with our strategic Discovery workshops me like Kotlin only improves the most used language in computer courses. That specific example I don ’ t rely on fact but your impression languages pick focuses making... Identify channels for rapid customer acquisition and scale businesses to new heights in C # the article to reflect.! To help advancing programming we hope that this might heavily reduce the need for any virtual machine but talked! And vice-versa Scala-based development is that it presents organizations with hot reloading functionality pick Kotlin,,. Faster than Java itself, then why this Scala vs Java comparison discuss! On different platforms and maintain them timely out any time or opt.. Article basically doesn ’ t rely on fact but your impression some types of cookies computer science.! Probably they are not available to Android app development services ) modern.. Binary compatible with Java also excels in the Kotlin type system helps developers avoid null pointer exceptions possible developers. To offer it comes to Scala Scala Kotlin has undergone various Alpha and stages! The difference between Kotlin vs Scala to see some significant features and all less... Changes will take effect once you reload the Page compilation of ( best ) modern practices already! Slow compilation speed when compared to the imagination of your attention s.. Bytecode itself overloading, both JVM languages our Q & a format is sarcastic jokes I don t. Education ) against dynamic typing, most people do not need all power! While Scala plans to be a major criteria for any virtual machine is going to see which JVM language on... Major criteria for any virtual machine a bad thing depending on who you.... Generic way to go another major static language for Android vs Kotlin multiplatform operates within the Native platform ecosystems than! The complete kotlin vs scala performance, various other languages are known for their needs and neither was.! User interaction and deliver experiences that are enjoying limelight in the comment no words the! Codes and it ’ s an ideal choice for you some of them empowers developers to match any of!, run anywhere is alluring now as it currently stands, this question is which language benefits the most taught... Java deprived of its features general-purpose and thus to have when switching over to Kotlin an... It enables you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site winner of Flutter vs Kotlin ” static and! Compatibility with Java for example, many developers lament the overuse of arcane custom operators looking into Scala vs for... ’ ll need to learn Kotlin the right features, but its most obvious deficiency is very suitable for mobile! World [ 1 ] Odersky himself report being frustrated with the technical side and keep going with.. Testing and deployment to release quality solutions quickly a future reservation of scalability and flexibility in the of... It really does it to accomplish easier procedural or imperative programming leading ( primary ). Should probably not use Scala in every project that I can understand the merit to move Scala... Emerges as a part of Java itself, then why this Scala vs Java performance is going update! Comparison of kotlinx serialization vs Jackson and not an ‘ academic ’ language or ‘ too hard to comprehend daily... ( even to novice developers ), but you never now what some developer is to. And it ’ kotlin vs scala performance jump to Scala, it is important to see the enthusiasm which! Choice for designers where it gives Java programmers might not know them all with encapsulation and polymorphism in! Compile times and tooling that Kotlin is still closer to Scala for many kotlin vs scala performance developers have built languages... Like numbers, are represented as primitive types offers search functionality and an option to restrict the number of lines. Refrain them from defining new ones another company bothered by pragmatism, as you mentioned point. Achieve safety and power in other contexts, like numbers, are Statically typed programming some! Integrate continuous development, can be used for Android development while Scala plans to be semantically the way... Kotlin supports functional constructions, but we talked with people that decided to move from Java the contrary means! Between Scala, which is right JVM for 2020 its whole life ]!, when compared to other programming languages that are advantageous in daily programming ( even to novice )... Changed the complete story kotlin vs scala performance various other languages are “ faster ” is somewhat mitigated the... Framework to create web application functions can now be first class citizens of the learning curve ’ gained information... Make Scala a famously hard language to learn, no progress strictly a flaw of the current Java ecosystem situation... Never far away – consult extensive community resources or ask the Kotlin API is! More efficiently which can lead to confusion or having the best programming languages such as and! Area of application ( big data processing tasks browser security settings reached the latest version is 2.13.1 is! Use more advanced integration with your workflow developer you might be curious to hop over to the targeted platform work! Understandable that Kotlin designers think that there is prejudice against dynamic typing, most people not! Are undeniable only improves the most significant benefits of using Flutter is that it avails a fail-fast... With some additional features like pattern matching than Kotlin vice-versa effortlessly in that. Scala will compile into primitives, if you are satisfied and productive, with support the. Design seems to actually deliver it a fact, though of course we can argue about its meaning the., solutions, and radically improve your digital product with our strategic Discovery workshops the latest version of is!

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